The Institute's mission is to analyze the public policy choices facing New York State and to make a constructive contribution to the public dialogue in the state. BP Conversion Factors: http://www.bp.com/conversionfactors.jsp A mole is a quantity corresponding to 6.23x 10^23 molecules, and the weight is corresponds to varies depending on the molecule. 1 billion cubic feet NG = 1.03 trillion Btus 1 short ton = .907 metric tons If 1 Btu equals 1055.1 J and 1 ft 3 equals 0.028316 m 3, then 1000 Btu/ft 3 multiplied by 1055.1 J and divided by 0.028316 m 3 equals 37 MJ/m 3, which is the average energy content of natural gas. Where no attempt is made to extract useful work from hot exhaust gases (e.g. 1 trillion Btus = .028 billion cubic meters NG Unit Descriptions; 1 Dekatherm (EC): Roughly energy equivalent of a thousand cubic feet of natural gas (MCF). The Public Policy Institute is a research and educational organization affiliated with The Business Council of New York State, Inc., the state's largest broad-based business group. Energy Information Administration - Energy Kids Page: http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=about_energy_conversion_calculator-basics This compares to a gallon of propane that contains 91,700 BTUs and 1 kW of electricity that contains 3,413 BTUs. 1 cubic meter – dry = 36,409 Btu 1 million metric tons oil equivalent = 1.111 billion cubic meters NG In this context it is usually known as natural gas, which is considered to have an energy content of 39 megajoules per cubic meter, or 1,000 BTU per standard cubic foot. 1 trillion Btus = .025 million metric tons oil equivalent Carbon dioxide, CO2: w (C) = 12, w (O) = 16, M= 12+2*16 = 44. Where CFH = Cubic per hour. 26 300 cubic metres of gas: 0.929 million cubic feet of natural gas: 17.63 tonnes of LNG: 1 MCF (eg. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (pound per cubic foot). Updated June, 2014, 1 cubic foot natural gas (NG) – wet = 1,109 Btu If your pressure or temperature are nonstandard, you need to correct. Many air heating applications use steam or hot water coils to heat the air. Exactly g x 1 lb x 1 ft. 1 metric ton oil equivalent = approximately 1.5 1 pound of coal = 10.948 megajoules Exactly 1 atm x 1 gal (US). 1 long ton = 60,124.467 cubic feet 1 short ton = 21,897 megajoules Some utilities measure the cost of natural gas by thousand cubic feet, or MCFs. 4 cubic feet of natural gas to British thermal units = 4,000.00 BTU. All rights reserved. Beginning in 1965, the pressure base is 14.73 psia at 60° Fahrenheit. 1 million metric tons oil equivalent = 7.33 million barrels oil equivalent Cubic Feet Of Natural Gas to Foot-Pounds Force. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. 1 trillion Btus = .98 billion cubic feet NG Propane BTU per cubic foot: 1 Cubic Foot (ft 3) = 2,488 BTU Natural Gas BTU per cubic foot: 1 Cubic Foot (ft 3) = 1,030 BTU 1 Gallon = 91,502 BTU @ 60ºF A cubic foot of natural gas has 1,015 BTUs. 1 million barrels oil equivalent = .16 billion cubic meters NG Nm 3 (normal cubic meter) gas measured at 1 atmosphere and 0°C. A cubic foot is about 28.3 liters, or about 1.26 moles (one and a quarter will do for most purposes.). Iowa Energy Center, Iowa State University: http://www.energy.iastate.edu/ If air = 1.2 ounces per cf and air = A = 1 and Natural Gas = NG =.65 then 1 cubic foot of NG would weigh 65% that of a cubic foot of air or.78 ounces per cf. What are the common operating pressures of natural gas and LP or "liquid petroleum" gas in the building gas piping and at the appliance? 1 metric ton hard coal = approximately .67 metric tons of oil equivalent Jany Tran -- 2002 Other utilities measure natural gas in CCFs. 1 metric ton liquefied natural gas (LNG) = 48,700 cubic feet of natural gas So a cubic foot of it weighs 1.26 * 28 grams or about 35 grams. 0 0 1 This is given in most periodic tables, and is approximately the isotope number. Gas Prices per Cubic Foot - CCFs and MCFs. 1 million barrels oil equivalent = .14 million tons oil equivalent You can divide pounds per cubic foot by 32.2 for a rough value in slugs. really depends upon the application. Natural Gas is typically measured in volumetric units, at surface conditions of temperature and pressure, for flow in reservoirs and pipelines and in thermal energy units for commercial purposes. 1 MCF equals 100 cubic feet, equivalent to about 10 therms. Scf (standard cubic foot) gas measured at 1 atmosphere and 70°F. Add these, multiplying each by the number of occurrences in the molecule. 1 million metric tons oil equivalent = 39.2 billion cubic feet NG 1 cubic foot = .028317 cubic meters Biomass Energy Datebook, U.S. Department of Energy: http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/appendix_a.shtml Carbon dioxide, CO2: w(C) = 12, w(O) = 16, M= 12+2*16 = 44. 1 short ton (2,000 lbs.) Natural Gas Energy Equivalent. 1 million barrels oil equivalent = .12 million metric tons of LNG Energy Information Administration: http://www.eia.doe.gov/ File C6-89 1 million metric tons LNG = 8.68 million barrels oil equivalent 1 million metric tons LNG = 52 trillion Btus Then click the Convert Me button. Liquid measured at 1 atmosphere and boiling temperature. To calculate gallons per cubic foot, specify first the type of gallon. When natural gas is delivered to a residence, it is measured by the gas utility in ‘therms’ for billing purposes. In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 8.003 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.0741 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . If your pressure or temperature are nonstandard, you need to correct. Everything has a mass. The amount of energy of natural gas can be converted from Btu per cubic feet to Joules per cubic meter. You can also go to the universal conversion page. Thus: Nitrogen, N2: w(N) = 14, M = 2x14 = 28 grams per mole. 5 EJ to hundred cubic foot of natural gas = 45989698307.579 hundred cubic foot of natural gas. 1 million cubic feet = 1,027 million Btu = 5,487 cubic feet of gas * Natural gas is converted to barrels of oil equivalent using a ratio of 5,487 cubic feet of natural gas per one barrel of crude oil. 1 billion cubic feet NG = .028 billion cubic meters NG To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. Equivalent to 1 000 000 BTU; dekatherm (EC) based on the widespread International Steam Table BTU IT. 1 metric ton oil equivalent = approximately 3 metrics tons of lignite coal 1 million metric tons LNG = 48.7 billion cubic feet NG 2 cubic feet of natural gas to British thermal units = 2,000.00 BTU. Policies | State & National Extension Partners | Text Only |, http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/appendix_a.shtml, http://www.convertit.com/Go/ConvertIt/Measurement/Converter.ASP, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=about_energy_conversion_calculator-basics, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversion_of_units. 5 cubic feet of natural gas to British thermal units = 5,000.00 BTU 1 cubic foot – dry = 1,087 kilojoules LHV is closest to the actual energy yield in most cases. This is also a good approximation for air, which is mostly nitrogen. You need to know the density of the gas. 1 The U.S. Energy Information Administration reports natural gas in volumes of cubic feet through 1964 at a pressure base of 14.65 psia (pounds per square inch absolute) at 60° Fahrenheit. For stationary combustion where exhaust gases are cooled before discharging (e.g. 1 metric ton hard coal = approximately 5 barrels oil equivalent HHV (including condensation of combustion products) is greater by between 5% (in the case of coal) and 10% (for natural gas), depending mainly on the hydrogen content of the fuel. 1 gallon – liquid = 87,600 Btu – LHV * The standard industry convention is 0.678 kilograms per cubic meter of natural gas. of coal = 20,754,000 Btu 1 cubic foot of compressed natural gas weighs 8.00326 pounds [lbs] Compressed natural gas weighs 0.1282 gram per cubic centimeter or 128.2 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. Note that even if pounds per cubic foot is often used as a measure of density in the U.S., pounds are really a measure of force, not mass. 1 billion cubic feet NG = .026 million metric tons oil equivalent 4 EJ to hundred cubic foot of natural gas = 36791758646.063 hundred cubic foot of natural gas. This is a conversion chart for normal cubic meter of natural gas (Natural Gas Energy Equivalent). Methane, gas weighs 0.000554 gram per cubic centimeter or 0.554 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. BTUH = BTU’s per hour . 100 gallons natural gas = 8262 cubic feet natural gas A " British Thermal Unit " (Btu) is that amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. The average gross heating value of natural gas is approximately 1,020 British thermal units per standard cubic foot (Btu/scf), usually varying from 950 to 1,050 Btu/scf. density of compressed natural gas is equal to 128.2 kg/m³. In a propane to natural gas BTU conversion, propane has more than double (2.42 times) the energy of natural gas, per cubic foot. It could be a U.S. liquid gallon, or wine gallon, a U.S. dry gallon, formerly known as the corn gallon or an imperial gallon. Approximately 1.3558179483314004 Joules (SI). So a cubic foot weighs 55 grams. This is also a good approximation for air, which is mostly nitrogen. One cubic foot of natural gas contains about 1,027 BTUs. 1 billion cubic feet NG = .18 million barrels oil equivalent 1 million metric tons LNG = 1.38 billion cubic meters NG One cubic foot equals 7.48 U.S. liquid gallons, 6.48 U.S. dry gallons or 6.23 imperial gallons. In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 0.0346 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.00032 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³] . The weight of natural gas is measured using a special instrument called a mass meter that counts the amount of gas that passes though it. 1 trillion Btus = .17 million barrels oil equivalent1 short ton = 53,682.56 cubic feet 1 gallon – liquid = 90,800 Btu – HHV * 1 barrel oil equivalent = approximately .20 metric tons of hard coal 1 cubic foot – dry = 1,027 Btu The Common operating pressure for natural gas is 3.5" of water. The amount of energy it takes to push with 1 pound-force for a distance of 1 foot. 1 million metric tons oil equivalent = .805 million tons LNG Calculating Your Monthly Energy Use Cubic Feet Of Natural Gas to Gallons-Atmosphere. metric tons of hard coal Other gas bills are measured in cubic feet, or the amount of energy it takes to heat one cubic foot. This ratio is based on the actual average equivalent energy content of Total’s natural gas reserves. Molecular weight (MW) of natural gas: 20 lbs/lb-mole: Ideal gas law conversion factor: 379.3 SCF/lb-mole (see Reference 1) Weight (mass) of natural gas: 2636.4 lbs (see Equation 1) Weight (mass) of natural gas: 1.32 tons (see Equation 2) 1 pound = 20,551 Btu To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. How to Convert cubic feet of natural gas to BTUs/hour: multiply cubic feet per hour by 1,020/cubic foot of natural gas to obtain BTUH. At P atmospheres pressure, multiply by P; at a temperature T (in Kelvin: this is Celsius + 273) multiply by 273 and divide by T. The mass of 1 cubic foot of methane at 25 0C is 0,655 237 2 oz. Using our rounded safe number of 1000 BTU per cubic foot on natural gas the required flow rate for this new unit heater would be 1000 CFH (100,000 ÷ 1000) Heating Air with Natural Gas . per day) (millions cubic feet) of gas (also 1MMSFD = 1 million cubic feet per day) 28 317 cubic metres: 19.39 tonne of LNG: 1 057 Gigajoules: 1.1 Terajoules: 1 tonne of LNG: 1 460 cubic metres (at 20ºC) (or 1 333 at 0ºC) 54.5 Gigajoules Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversion_of_units, Don Hofstrand, retired extension value added agriculture specialist, agdm@iastate.edu, Ag Decision Maker, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, Department of Economics, agdm@iastate.edu, 641-732-5574, Copyright © Iowa State University Extension. So, 1 gallon of propane equals 36.78 cubic feet of natural gas. This is a conversion chart for thousand of standard cubic feet of natural gas (Natural Gas Energy Equivalent). If you mean "gasoline" it is about 750g/l ; if you mean "a gas" in the sense of vapor, one "mole" of a pure (one type of molecule) gas takes up 22.4 liters at standard temperature (0 C) and pressure (sea level). This is a conversion chart for pound per cubic foot (British and U.S.). wt of.038 lbs/ft3. Natural gas is measured in normal cubic meters (corresponding to 0°C at 101.325 kPa) or in standard cubic feet (corresponding to 60°F/16°C and 14.73 psi) standard cubic foot of natural gas to million of normal cubic meters of natural gas. 1 billion cubic meters NG = 35.3 billion cubic feet NG 1 billion cubic meters NG = 6.29 million barrels of oil equivalent So a cubic foot weighs 55 grams. : 1 Cubic Foot of Natural Gas: 1 cubic foot – compressed = 960 Btu motor vehicles), the LHV is more suitable. 1 billion cubic feet NG = .021 million metric LNG 1 barrel oil equivalent = approximately .41 metric tons of lignite coal 1 cubic foot of natural gas to British thermal units = 1,000.00 BTU. 856 views View 1 Upvoter 1 million barrels oil equivalent = 5.8 trillion Btus density of methane, gas is equal to 0.554 kg/m³; at 0°C (32°F or 273.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure. 1 million metric tons oil equivalent = 40.4 trillion Btus Slugs are the correct measure of mass. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (normal cubic meter of natural gas). 1 billion cubic meters NG = .90 million metric tons oil equivalent 1 cubic foot natural gas (NG) – wet = 1,109 Btu 1 cubic foot – dry = 1,027 Btu 1 cubic foot – dry = 1,087 kilojoules 1 cubic foot – compressed = 960 Btu 1 pound = 20,551 Btu 1 gallon – liquid = 90,800 Btu – HHV * 1 gallon – liquid = 87,600 Btu – LHV * 1 million cubic feet = 1,027 million Btu 1 metric ton liquefied natural gas (LNG) = 48,700 cubic feet of natural gas 1 billion cubic meters NG = 35.3 billion cubic feet NG 1 billion cubic meters NG = .90 million metric tons oil equivalent 1 billion cubic meters NG = .73 million … So a cubic foot of it weighs 1.26 * 28 grams or about 35 grams. 1 metric ton = 22,877,388 Btu 1 metric ton lignite coal = approximately 2.5 barrels oil equivalent power stations), HHV is more appropriate. 3 cubic feet of natural gas to British thermal units = 3,000.00 BTU. You can also go to the universal conversion page. 1 cubic meter = 35.314 cubic feet, 1 pound = 10,377 Btu 1.4.2 Firing Practices3-5 There are three major types of boilers used for natural gas combustion in … 1 million metric tons LNG = 1.23 million metric tons oil equivalent 1 trillion Btus = .02 million metric tons LNG A standard cubic foot (scf) is a unit used both in the natural gas industry to represent an amount of natural gas and in other industries where other gases are used. 1 cubic meter – dry = 38.140 megajoules In practice, many European publications report LHV, whereas North American publications use HHV (Source: Bioenergy Feedstock Network -- https://bioenergy.ornl.gov/), Bioenergy Feedstock Information Network: http://bioenergy.ornl.gov/ You can also go to the universal conversion page. 6 EJ to hundred cubic foot of natural gas = 55187637969.095 hundred cubic foot of natural gas. Nevertheless, natural gas for the most part has an approx. The appropriateness of using LHV or HHV when comparing fuels, calculating thermal efficiencies, etc. 1 metric ton = 24,137 megajoules 1 metric ton = 1.102 short tons 1 metric ton lignite coal = approximately .33 metric tons of oil equivalent, * Energy contents are expressed as either High (gross) Heating Value (HHV) or Lower (net) Heating Value (LHV). Then click the Convert Me button. For most biomass feed-stocks this difference appears to be 6-7%. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (thousand of standard cubic feet of natural gas). ConvertIt: http://www.convertit.com/Go/ConvertIt/Measurement/Converter.ASP 1 Dekatherm (Dth EC) = 1 055 055 852.62 joules (J). 1 billion cubic meters NG = 36 trillion Btus | Release Date: 11/30/2020: Next Release Date: 12/31/2020: Referring Pages: Natural Gas Industrial Price ; U.S. Natural Gas Prices; Natural Gas Industrial Price To find this weight you need to know the molecular formula of the gas,and the atomic weight of every type of atom in it. 1 million barrels oil equivalent = 5.61 billion cubic feet NG 1 billion cubic meters NG = .73 million metric tons LNG Approximately 383.5568490138 Joules (SI). Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is predominantly methane (CH 4) converted into liquid form for ease of storage or transport. dioxide, and helium). And the weight is corresponds to varies depending on the page and click it will do for most feed-stocks! More suitable electricity that contains 3,413 BTUs 25 0C is 0,655 237 2 oz BTU. Atm x 1 gal ( US ) distance of 1 foot by 32.2 for a of... 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