Also, the turf doesn’t grow well if there is heavy foot traffic, or it’s planted in shaded areas. The name "fine fescue" is actually a collective term for the various species of grasses in this group: red, chewings, hard, and sheep. The growth period for these cold-hardy grass types is in fall and spring. Tall fescue grass is a cool-season perennial lawn grass that grows in a wide range of conditions. Being a low-maintenance lawn grass, it is the choice of sod for many homeowners. The grass grows thick and green and keeps its color for most of the year. Fine fescue is actually a grouping of various fescue species of grasses such as chewings fescue, hard fescue, red fescue, and sheep fescue. It is named Kentucky grass because it was a popular perennial lawn and pasture grass in the state. St. Augustine grass is best suited to warm-arid regions such as Florida and the Gulf Coast region. Similar to most warm-season grasses such as Bermuda and Zoysia grasses, this grass type is only green during the growing season. Bahiagrass is a low-growing grass that spreads via creeping stolons. The best type of climate for perennial ryegrass is one with mild summers and cold winters. It spreads by both stolons (above ground) and rhizomes (below ground), which helps it to form a thick, dense turf. These popular types of grass grow well in Texas, California, Florida, and Alabama. Ryegrass has a shiny texture and is rare because unlike most other grasses, it’s veins are visible on the blade. Fine fescue is one type of cold season grass that is a common ornamental or turfgrass. Different Types of Grass Until you own your own home and have to grow your own lawn, you probably aren’t aware of just how many different types of grass there are. For example, Kentucky bluegrass is known to spread quickly. For more information and related articles, visit our Grass and Grass Seed section. A consistently popular grass with a number of popular sub-types (Queensland Blue, Santa Ana etc. Some homeowners lay straw or hay on top of new seeds to keep them in place, but you can also try coconut fiber, which holds moisture in place to nourish seeds. Grass Varieties BERMUDAGRASS. In some lawns, patches of tall fescue may stick out and appear as a grassy weed. If you live near coastal areas, it is better to plant St. Augustine or Bermuda grass because those grass species are more resistant to salt. You may need a grass that resists drought. 26 Different Types of Ornamental Grass with Pictures and Basic Care Information Whether you have a large yard, a small patch of land to call a garden, or just a balcony to hang some container plants, you can find more than one ornamental grass variety to suit your needs. However, the depth of greenness in lush Kentucky bluegrass lawns is worth the extra work. St. Augustine grass is identified by its broad, flat blades that are a dark green color. You can identify this grass by its flat, folded blades that taper to a point. The result is a dense turfgrass that resists a lot of foot traffic. It’s also the best time to seed and feed your lawn. Perennial ryegrass germinates quickly and grows in fine, thin blades- … The right type of grass, planted in the right conditions, helps gardeners cultivate a healthy lawn, according to the National Gardening Association. It’s one of the most versatile types of lawn grasses to grow in your yard. Ryegrass is particularly versatile when it comes to types of grass because it can survive in almost any climate and is one of the only grass types that is recommended in all USDA zones. Deep roots absorb nutrients and moisture where other species of grass can’t reach. It requires a constant supply of fertilizer, and is often attacked by insects and diseases. Zoysia grass (zones 5-10)—A popular type of warm-season lawn grass with good cold tolerance. The popular grass has a soft feel and fine texture that creates a lush, dense mat. In fact, Bermuda Grass grows solely in full sun, and becomes a very tough-type of grass. Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: Warm season grasses that thrive in warm-weather regions, such as the Southern United States. Identifying the kind of grass you have is done by examining the width of its blade, its shape, and the type of blade tips. It grows well from seed, and is a popular choice for sod farms in the North. What kind of grass do I have? It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. Also, tall fescue turfgrass is more robust than its “finer” counterpart and requires less maintenance. This grass is ideal for growing in many different types of climates. You can tell this species of turf by the medium-length blades that are thin and lanceolate shaped. © 2002-2020 The Scotts Company LLC. Color/Texture: Prickly, stiff, carpet-like, Popularity: Mid U.S., East to the Carolinas. The turfgrass is drought-resistant and also holds up well under foot traffic. It is usually found in the South, but may grow as far north as Kansas City. Centipede grass is a low maintenance type of grass that grown well in warm zones. Find out how to grow a new lawn or repair the one you have. Individual types of grass have different growing needs. So, this is often the species of grass used in tennis courts and golf course greens. Bahiagrass (zones 9, 10)—Medium to broad blades with pointed tips help identify this lawn grass. Knowing how to identify and choose the right type of lawn grass is vital to get a lush, healthy turfgrass in your yard. The ideal temperature range for cold season grasses is between 65°F and 80°F (18°C – 26°C). The thin grass blades grow well in full sun and are also tolerant of medium shade. It is important to choose a grass suited to the climate and environment where it will grow. Fine fescues are popular because of their shade tolerance. Bentgrass can be found on most golf courses in the Northern U.S. Some gardening experts rate tall fescue as the easiest type of lawn grass to look after. It holds up against wear and tear, and is capable of repairing itself rather quickly due to its vigorous underground runners. Unlike other Northern types, it grows by an extensive production of stolons (above ground). It is resistant to deer and wet conditions and it has shiny yellow blades and fine green edges that elegantly reach towards the ground. Read on to find out the botanical names of grasses, see pictures, and read descriptions of the most popular types of grass. When cutting Ryegrass with a sharp blade, a white color is left on top of each blade of grass. Another way to identify this warm grass type is by the blade shape that tapers to rounded tips. You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic, sunny, or dense shade conditions. This type of turfgrass is an excellent choice for a robust, healthy lawn if you live in temperate climates. This type of grass has been called the “lazy man’s grass” because it is easy to care for. Soft-Leaf Buffalo have a broader leaf blade, are highly durable, easy to maintain and new varieties are soft to touch in comparison to older scratchy varieties. If you need to improve the look of your garden landscape and lawn, grass identification is essential to reseed the sod with a similar type of grass. Fine Fescue (Festuca sp.) Fine fescues include creeping, spreading types and types with upright, clumping growth. Due to the delicate grass leaves, it’s best not to grow fine fescue grass in high-traffic areas. Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular types in the North. Soft Leaf Buffalo. In some cases, like dichondra, your lawns may not be a grass at all. This makes it a wise choice for homeowners seeking to fill bare patches in their yards. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. Fine fescue seed is often mixed with bluegrass, Bermuda grass, or ryegrass to improve their hardiness. For sunny areas where year-round green is a must, consider hardy grasses like tall fescues and dwarf tall fescues. The turf-type fescue family has several members such as fine fescue, Chewings fescue, creeping red fescue, hard fescue and tall fescue grasses (including Kentucky 31 tall fescue). It also has higher maintenance requirements than most cold season grasses. Kentucky bluegrass (zones 2-6)—Dark green turfgrass with pointed tips identify this type of grass that grows well in cold regions and the transition zone. Warm-season grasses survive easily in the southern environments while the cold season grasses thrive more in the northern climates. While there are several types of grass, they are generally broken down into two basic groups: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. My Lawn App by Scotts helps simplify your lawn care. However, due to its short growth, Buffalo grass tends to get weeds such as crabgrass and broadleaf weeds. Bahiagrass is a lawn grass grown in warm areas and is low maintenance type of grass. Related: Types of Bermuda Grass | Types of Lawn Tools | Types of Yard Grass | Alternatives to Grass for Backyards Aurea (Carex elata). This medium to … As its name suggests, this lawn grass grows throughout the year and doesn’t need replanting. However, you can quickly identify individual species of grass by examining them up close. Bermuda Grass is drought resistant, which makes it a perfect type of grass for those long Texas summers. St. Augustine grass (zones 8-10)—This heat-tolerant grass has blades of a bluish-green color and coarse texture. Sow your seed lawn mixture or seed an existing sod lawn to make it more suitable for the site conditions. Turf grasses fall into two basic categories: Warm-season grasses thrive in warmer climates, such as the southern, southeast and Gulf Coast regions of … If you are looking for a good type of grass for a beautiful lawn, then fine fescue is a great choice. Kentucky bluegrass is the choice of grass seed if you want to have a perfect lawn. Bent | Bermuda | Dichondra | Fine Fescue | Kentucky Bluegrass | Ryegrass | St. Augustine/Floratam | Tall Fescue | Zoysia | Centipede | Bluegrass/Rye/Fescue. Mainly found in California and Arizona, dichondra is often used for home lawns since it can be mowed like grass, and it forms a pleasing, dense turf. When mowed, Ryegrass’ health depends on the sharpness of the blade used on the mower. Centipede grass spreads above the ground through stolons and forms a dense turf. Also, when Ryegr… Types of Grass There are around 12,000 different types of grass in the botanical family Poaceae. The most common types of cool-season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, and tall fescue. Its maintenance requirements (fertilizing, watering, mowing) are high. This cold season grass grows into lush, green dense turf with durable qualities. To help keep a lawn looking lush and green throughout the year, you could plant it with cool-season ryegrass. Grass blades are hairless and measure up to 0.23” (6 mm) wide. Blades are flat and gently taper to a point. Tolerance for heat, drought, shade and wear varies so check the label for details. Find everything you need to know about grass and grass seed at Scotts. Warm-season grasses grow well in temperatures between 80°F and 95° (27°C – 35°C). Blended grass seeds contain a variety of the same grass type while … Grasses are classified into two types: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. The grass names also indicate something about their growth habit and appearance. Characteristics: Warm-season grass - fine to medium leaf texture, dark green, dense and low growing via rhizomes and stolons some varieties tolerate very low maintenance, while others produce lawns of exceptional beauty when given extra care - root system is extensive and very deep. You can plant this grass in poor soil that is sandy or acidic. There are two main types of grass: cool season grass and warm season grass. The survival of these grasses depends on how they can tolerate winters’ harsh conditions and hot summers. Different types of grass are suitable for various climates—warm-season grasses and cool-season grasses. The hardiness of this sod grass comes from the fact it has a large root system—deeper than any of the other cold season grasses on this list. Regular mowing and watering will help to keep the grass healthy. Lush green sod grass isn’t just useful for beautiful yards and gardens; hardy, robust kinds of grass are suitable for sports fields, golf courses, and parks. The short blades of grass also mean that this type of grass is easy to care for in hot climates. Color/Texture: Pale to bright green, dense, Growth: Broadleaf species; mow like grass. • Layer on top. The grass blades grow up to 8” (20 cm) long and are about 0.12” to 0.2” (3 – 5 mm) broad with a smooth texture. Ryegrass is easy to spot in a lawn due to its shine. All three of these grasses are tolerant of extreme cold. Blade: Hair-like, fine tip, 1/16” or less, Popularity: Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species). Kentucky bluegrass is characterized by its boat-shaped tips and narrow leaves. Here's a list of the most frequently asked questions about grass seed from consumers like you. However, it does not grow well in deep shade. Another kind of grass that grows well in hot regions is St. Augustine. It is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. Fine fescue grass has some of the narrowest blades of grass with leaves being less than 1.5 mm wide. One of the best examples of different grass types can be found on a golf course or playing field. There are around 12,000 different types of grass in the botanical family Poaceae. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. Different types of grasses require different temperatures, sunlight exposure and rainfall amounts, according to the University of California Agriculture and … You may see the grass seed or sod marketed as KBG. You need to plant Bermuda grass in areas with bright light and little shade. The leaves spread opposite of each other along creeping stems. Kentucky bluegrass is common sod grass in colder and transitional areas. Tall fescue has broader leaves and is hardier than fine fescue grass. The majority of Northern lawns are a combination of Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescues. Kentucky bluegrass – Known in the seed industry as KBG, Kentucky bluegrass thrives in full sun, creating a dense, aggressive grass that's prone to thatch buildup. Zoysia grass has stiff leaves that form dense, lush lawns and greens. Also consider how much moisture your lawn will get. Other names for this grass include English ryegrass, ray grass, or winter grass. This picture shows the tufted nature of sheep fescue grass, which is a species of fine fescue grass. However, it requires less fertilizer than other warm-season types. The grass blades have a fine texture and deep green color. Some turfgrasses are drought-tolerant grasses, while other types of grasses may be salt-tolerant or resistant to pests and weeds. How can you know what to pick? Some grow above-ground stems, below-ground stems or both. In states of the Midwest, perennial ryegrass is one of the most popular lawn grasses. Fescue Grass. These hardy grasses have broad blades and grow well in the sun or shade. Some of the cool grasses are more tolerant to some heat, and so are better suited in the south of the cool zone, or the transition zone on the map. Each grass type is suited primarily for one or the other seasons. When grown as a lawn grass, buffalo grass cultivars form a fine turf. : Grows low, almost horizontal to the ground, : Less than average; will go dormant quickly during a drought, : Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species), For more information and related articles, visit our, Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix®, Scotts® EZ Seed® Patch & Repair Tall Fescue Lawns, Scotts® Turf Builder® Triple Action Built For Seeding, Scotts® Turf Builder® Thick'R LawnTM Sun & Shade, Important Lawn Maintenance Projects for the Fall, The Questions People Ask Most About Grass Seed. The sod also grows in a wide range of soil types, making it suitable for warm-season lawn grass in many tropical areas. Here are a few factors to consider when planning a beautiful lawn for your garden landscape: As most sites are a mixture of conditions, you can also find a mixture of grass varieties or complementary grasses to improve hardiness. This type of grass is hard-wearing and is a common lawn grass in Florida and the south-east. But the beautiful turf grass can look stunning in a well-manicured lawn as you can mow the grass to a very short height. This warm-season perennial lawn grass also goes by the name of devil’s grass, scutch grass, and dog’s tooth grass. As the name implies, fescue blades have a very fine, almost hair-like texture and do well in shaded areas but not in hot and dry conditions. Warm-season grass like Bermuda Grass thrives when temperatures are between 80-95 degrees, which makes it the perfect Texas grass. Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. Two main types of grass for turf are warm-season grass and cool-season grass. The sod is used where low-maintenance, heat-tolerant, and drought-resistant lawns are required. However, this grass may be more difficult to mow. Examples of warm-season grasses include centipede grass, bahiagrass, and Bermuda grass. Another identifying feature of perennial lawn grass is that it grows in clumps or bunches. All varieties of this cool-season grass can withstand cold winters. High rainfall tends to cause weeds to sprout quickly. Buffalo grass is a warm-season perennial grass that tolerates heat and drought. Ryegrass can tolerate heavy foot traffic, but does not tolerate extreme cold or drought conditions. Growing in sunny locations, this fast-growing lawn grass quickly forms a dense mat of green. Warm-season grasses species are suited to Southern states in the US. Blade: Pointed, visible veins, 3/16” wide. It is a bunchgrass, which germinates quickly and is often found in seed mixtures with Kentucky bluegrass. Bahiagrass—also called common Bahia—is a warm-season perennial grass that grows in subtropical climates. Name: Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila' Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. The broad blades measure between 0.16” and 0.4” (4 – 10mm) wide. That, says our resident lawn and garden expert Ashton Ritchie, is why some yards are brown in winter and some are green. It is primarily found in cool-season areas of the North, but may not survive as far north as Minnesota, Wisconsin, or Canada. Some varieties are resistant to pests or disease, while others are better at surviving extreme weather conditions. This resilient grass type needs to grow in soil with good drainage. Centipede grass is a popular grass in southeastern states with homeowners who want lush green lawns throughout the summer. Pick the species of grass seed that matches your climate and your yard’s sun exposure. Like the name implies, they are very fine textured with needle-like blades. It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in seed mixes. Perennial ryegrass (zones 3-6)—Look for thin shiny green leaves on this low-maintenance lawn grass. Cool season grasses grow well in cooler temperatures, and usually the ideal temperature is between … Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. Ryegrass has both perennial and annual types. Because tall fescue grass tolerates heat, cold, drought, and shade, it is suitable for most yards. This is also a popular grass type of pastures. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. It has a good temperature tolerance when it comes to the cold, but it can also deal with hot summers without too many problems. The thin flat blades measure about 0.07” (2 mm) wide. Different grass types have different advantages. ), Couch grass is an easy-going and cheaper grass which can make for a great-looking lawn when treated correctly. Most lawns are a mixture of different grass types. A common tall fescue lawn grass cultivar is Kentucky 31. During the growing season, you’ll need to mow the lawn frequently. Even when mowed very low, it forms a dense turf with a very fine-textured feel. It has very broad blades compared to other grasses, with a rounded tip. Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: It’s important to know your grass type so you can take the best possible care of your lawn. As a popular type of warm-season grass, St. Augustine is as popular as Bermuda grass. There are three types of fine fescue, and they all tend to stay green throughout the year. Zoysia turfgrass has excellent heat and cold tolerance, which means it thrives in many climates. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. It’s an excellent turfgrass for sports fields and golf courses. There are about a dozen different grasses, and most lawns contain a mixture of them. Looking at pictures of sod or turfgrass, it’s easy to think that all grasses look the same. This grass is also called the Bowles’ Golden Sedge and grows up to 18 inches tall and three feet in width. Perennial ryegrass is a popular cold season grass suitable for lawns and golf courses. Warm-season grasses are characterized by being drought- and heat-resistant and they grow well in full sun. In southern states, ryegrass is the seed of choice to grow together with Bermuda grass for all year long, lush lawns. They will die or go severely dormant in snowbound communities. This heat-hardy sod is a popular choice for lawns in California, Texas, and other southern states. Looking at images of the grass blades, you will notice fine ribs running the length of them. However, compared to bahiagrass, St. Augustine requires more maintenance, including mowing, watering, and fertilization. They are chewings fescue, hard fescue and creeping red fescue. How do I identify the different grass varieties? Scroll through these types of lawns to find yours. that do best with extreme temperature fluctuations, such as those found in the North, Northeast, and Pacific Northwest. Different Types of Lawn Grasses The key to having a lush, green lawn is in choosing the right type of lawn grass for your unique climate and lifestyle. Look closely and you’ll notice that the turf in some areas is markedly different in color and texture than other areas. The most popular and most versatile cool-season grass mix is for sun and shade. Bermuda grass makes for a nice home lawn because it can tolerate a very low mowing height, which is also a reason it is widely used on golf courses in the South. that thrive in warm-weather regions, such as the Southern United States. Buffalo is a hardy grass that grows well in the sun and shade, whereas LM Berea is well suited for shady areas. Using seed species ensures you get better establishment and a healthier looking lawn. Color/Texture: Dark green, coarse, spongy. 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