[212] The Local Government Act 1972 section 101 says that a local authority can discharge its functions through a committee or any officer, and can transfer functions to another authority, while section 111 gives authorities the power to do any thing including spending or borrowing 'which is calculated to facilitate, or is conducive or incidental to, the discharge of any of their functions'. 03925319. This admission document reflected the position at the time of publication. They are based upon the Scottish Federation of Housing Associations (SFHA's) Charitable Model Rules (Scotland) 2013, published by the SFHA in co-operation with the Scottish Housing Regulator. From the start of the 20th century, the UK underwent vast social and constitutional change, beginning with an attempt by the House of Lords to suppress trade union freedom. ‘The UK does not have a codified constitution. [208] In real terms since 2010, central government cut local council funding by nearly 50 per cent, and real spending fell by 21 per cent, as councils failed to make up cuts through business rates. [189] Eighth, the executive governs the armed forces and can do "all those things in an emergency which are necessary for the conduct of war". See also the. Critically evaluate the notion that the UK constitution is principally enforced, protected and upheld by processes that are distinctly political, rather than legal. [106] Most Lords are appointed by the Prime Minister, through the Queen,[107] on the advice of a Commission which, by convention, offers some balance between political parties. As sheep farming became more profitable than agricultural work, enclosures of common land dispossessed more people, who turned into paupers and were punished. The Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010 is a piece of constitutional legislation. [204] In Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and London unified district or borough councils have local government powers, and since 1998 to 2006 new regional assemblies or Parliaments exercise extra powers devolved from Westminster. [111] The central justification for Parliamentary sovereignty is usually thought to be its democratic nature, although it was only upon the Representation of the People (Equal Franchise) Act 1928 that Parliament could be said to have finally become "democratic" in any modern sense (as property qualifications to vote were abolished for everyone over 21), and not until after WW2 that decolonisation, university constituencies and lowering of the voting age took place. In 1972, the UK joined the European Community (renamed the European Union in 1992) and committed to implement EU law in which it participated, in the European Communities Act 1972. Fourth, devolution in the United Kingdom has meant Parliament gave power to legislate on specific topics to nations and regions: the Scotland Act 1998 created the Scottish Parliament, the Government of Wales Act 1998 created the Welsh Assembly, the Northern Ireland Act 1998 created a Northern Ireland Executive following the historic Good Friday Agreement, to bring peace. The Northern Ireland Act 1998 lists which matters are transferred to the Northern Ireland Assembly. This led to the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, where leaders demanded an end to feudalism, and for everything to be held in common. The vote was 45.13% in favour of becoming a republic, but on a model of having a directly elected president. Constitutional Documents. It has two houses. This has three divisions: the Administrative, Family and Queen's Bench divisions. For instance, in Gorringe v Calderdale MBC, Lord Steyn, giving the leading judgement, said it was "necessary" to view the law of negligence in the context of "the contours of our social welfare state". The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills has published non-statutory guidance on the amendments relating to companies’ constitutional documents that came into effect on 1 October 2009 under the Companies Act 2006. [255] In 1190 Richard the Lionheart, more closely tied with the Pope in Rome, joined the Third Crusade to invade the Holy land, but at great cost. Nevertheless, it is hoped that the list will serve as a useful basic chronology. While principles may the basis of the UK constitution, the institutions of the state perform its functions in practice. Satellite club: a potential club whose members shall also be members of the sponsor club 6. 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